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What is a BIPAP machine?

Some respiratory issues can make it hard for you to breathe, and in certain cases someone might benefit from the use of a BiPAP Machine, or BPAP. A BPAP machine is a type of ventilator—a medical device that assists with breathing. These machines extend the benefit of a CPAP machine by adding large breaths on top of stable airway pressure and will help in pushing air into lungs from a mask or nasal cannula connected to the machine.

What is a BiPAP Machine?

What is a BiPAP?

BIPAP (Bilevel Positive Airway Pressure) machines deliver air flow to the airway at a prescribed pressure in a similar manner as a CPAP machine, the difference is that there are two pressures one for the patient's inhalation and exhalation. The inhalation pressure is set higher to keep the patient's airway open, whereas the exhalation pressure is set lower to assist in a smoother more complete exhalation. A BILevel is prescribed in specialized cases when a higher pressure is needed, for patients that do not tolerate a standard CPAP, and when muscular disease is present.

Who Might Require the need of a BiPaP Machine

Bilevel Positive Airway Pressure machines may be required for the following respiratory issues:

  • COPD (Chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder)
  • Obstructive sleep apnea
  • Obesity hypoventilation syndrome
  • Pneumonia
  • Asthma
  • Post operation
  • Neurological disease that disturbs breathing

What happens during BPap use?

When using a BPAP machine for the first time it may make you feel uncomfortable. It can feel strange wearing a mask and feeling the flow of air, but over time, you should get used to it. The noise from most of the machines is soft and rhythmic. If it bothers you, we suggest using ear plugs. If the device is very loud please contact us so we can ensure that it is working properly.

What happens during BiPap Machine use?

Are there risks with using a Bilevel Positive Airway Pressure Machine?

BiPap is usually very safe. with most problems from occurring from the facemask. It may fit too tightly. Other issues include:

  • Skin irritation/damage
  • Eye irritation
  • Sinus pain
  • Stomach bloating
  • Dry mouth
Risks depend on different factors such as age, time, and other medical issues.

Learn more about BPAP Machines


The information on this page is not intended to be a substitute for medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Talk with your doctor or primary care provider about any concerns.

Updated: May 15, 2020

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