Oxygen Tanks or Cylinders
Overview of Oxygen Tanks or Cylinders:Gas cylinders, or tanks, hold oxygen under pressure. Prefilled tank delivery is one option of pressurized oxygen sources. Another option is using an oxygen concentrator to extract oxygen from the air over time. Both methods allow for filling of smaller canisters to take on trips outside the home.
The pressurized oxygen tank has been used for a long time. Compressed oxygen is pumped into these cylinders to a pressure of about 2200 pounds per square inch, or PSI. At first, only large tanks were available, and were delivered to the home on a regular basis. However, over time, tank sizes decreased, allowing for more mobility both inside and outside the home. Nonetheless, these tanks are rather heavy. With the rise of home fill oxygen options such as oxygen concentrators, these cylinders found another area of use, storing the oxygen removed from the air by the concentrator.
For liquid oxygen, specialized insulated oxygen tanks are required. In its liquid state, oxygen takes up far less state than when it is a gas. As a result, the pressure inside these type of tanks is far lower than that in a compressed gas tank. These cryogenic tanks keep the liquid cold. As it warms, liquid oxygen easily turns to gas, leading to quick evaporation if the tank becomes too warm.
Various tank-carrying options exist to fit most individuals’ needs. The same is true for delivery methods, such as masks or cannulas. Sufficient oxygen is vital to good health. In healthy respiratory systems, the lungs draw in air, which enters the lungs and eventually gets to the alveoli, which are tiny sacks where actual respiration takes place. A number of events or illnesses can disrupt lung function, resulting in low oxygen levels in the blood. Individuals who need supplemental oxygen have choices, and once a decision is made regarding the source of oxygen used, using the correct size and type of cylinder is imperative.