5 Helpful COPD Breathing Exercises

When you have chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), breathing exercises are an important way to maintain your quality of life, extend your ability to exercise, and stay calm during an acute exacerbation.

With COPD, breathing can be a challenge for the following reasons:

  • Over-production of mucus in the airways
  • Chronic cough
  • Airway inflammation leading to wheezing
  • Retention of stale air in the lungs

These challenges can be affected by various factors such as air pollutants, pollen, dust, viruses, smoke, and other irritating particulates in the air. When your breathing becomes more difficult and you’re waiting for your rescue medication to begin, utilizing COPD breathing exercises can help you to find immediate relief.

Here are the 5 Most Helpful COPD Breathing Exercises to Help Gain Control Over Your Breathing

1. Pursed-Lip Breathing

Pursed-lip breathing is an excellent way to slow down your breaths and release any trapped air in your lungs. This breathing exercise works well for COPD because it prevents the small airways in your lungs from collapsing prematurely, and will help you expel excess air from your lungs. This will give you more room to take in air during your next breath.

COPD Breathing Techniques - Pursed Lip Breathing

Here’s how to do it:
Step 1. Inhale through your nose for 1-2 seconds.
Step 2. Pucker your lips like you are trying to whistle.
Step 3. Exhale slowly in a controlled manner over 5-7 seconds.
Step 4. Repeat until your breathing feels comfortable again.

This video will show you how to perform pursed-lip breathing:

2. Diaphragmatic Breathing

Diaphragmatic breathing is another way to optimize the proper use of your respiratory system for breathing.
When you’re feeling shortness of breath, your body starts to compensate for the difficulty by using other respiratory muscles in your back, shoulders, and chest. This makes breathing less efficient and ultimately makes your shortness of breath worse.

Diaphragmatic breathing helps you use the correct muscles so you can optimize your body’s natural mode of breathing.

Here’s how to do it:
Step 1. Place your hand on the upper half of your stomach
Step 2. Inhale normally through your nose
Step 3. Make sure your stomach is moving outwards with every breath
Step 4. Keep your shoulders and chest as neutral as possible (not moving up or down)
Step 5. Exhale through pursed-lips
Step 6. Make sure your stomach moves inward during exhalation

Here’s a quick video on how to do this in an upright position:

3. Coordinated Breathing

Coordinated breathing is an excellent method for breathing while exercising or performing strenuous activity. The basic idea is to coordinate your breathing with intervals of tension and relaxation during exercise.

While you’re performing the active part of an exercise (lifting a dumbbell or standing up during a squat); exhale through pursed-lips for the entire action. Then, when you’re in the relaxation part of the exercise (lowering the dumbbell or lowering yourself down during a squat), inhale through your nose.

Here’s a great video demonstrating this breathing exercise:

4. Short Breath-Hold Breathing

Holding your breath provides a number of benefits such as mental focus, calmness, overcoming stress, and resilience. However, COPD patients will need to modify this exercise to achieve only about 5 seconds of breath-hold between breaths.

The process for breath-hold breathing is almost the same as pursed-lip breathing, except between inhalation and exhalation, which is where you’ll hold your breath for about 5 seconds.

Here’s the process:
Step 1. Inhale through your nose for 1-2 seconds
Step 2. When you have inhaled fully, **hold your breath for 1-5 seconds**
Step 3. Pucker your lips like you're trying to whistle
Step 4. Exhale slowly in a controlled manner over 5-7 seconds
Step 5. Repeat until your breathing feels comfortable again

5. Huff Cough

The huff cough is a technique to help remove excess mucus from your lungs during a COPD exacerbation. This is a great way to get enough air behind the mucus in your lungs, so there’s enough momentum to bring it up.

Here’s a demonstration:



These five COPD Breathing Exercises and Techniques will help you regain control of your breathing and help you feel calm during an exacerbation. By practicing these exercises at least once a day, you’ll prepare your mind and body to use them when you need them most.

Related COPD Information

The information on this page is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. For more information about asthma, talk to your doctor or primary care provider.

Updated: January 4, 2019

About Ryan Anthony: Ryan A., BS, RRT is a registered respiratory therapist and content writer and medical blogger currently located in Los Angeles, California. As a Respiratory Therapist, he performs a wide range of hospital duties including adult and neonatal intensive care, nitric oxide therapy, high-frequency oscillatory ventilation, conventional mechanical ventilation, noninvasive ventilation, BiPAP, CPAP, intubation assistance, bronchoscopy assistance, cardiopulmonary resuscitation, chest physiotherapy, and nebulizer therapy.

3 thoughts on “5 Helpful COPD Breathing Exercises”

  • Mary

    THank You for the useful information,I have tried the Huffing but nothing ever comes up?i have been on Oxygen for 9yrs now,does that have anything to do with it?

    Reply
  • EliseWalker

    I have tried the huff cough an nothing comes up I'm on oxygen an just quit smoking 8 months ago ! Does it take time to cough it up ? An I don't cough any more since I quit smoking so I can't cough any mucus up

    Reply
    • Margaret Goodman
      Margaret Goodman March 21, 2018 at 8:10 am

      Congratulations on being smoke-free for 8 months. We recommend consulting with your doctor before starting an exercise regimen.

      Reply

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