Oxygen Therapy

Oxygen tank

Many respiratory diseases require special equipment for treatment and therapy. With everything from asthma inhalers to oxygen concentrators, the list of equipment can be intimidating. We'll help you navigate through it.

Hyperbaric Chambers

Overview:

Hyperbaric medicine, also known as hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT), is the medical use of oxygen at a level higher than atmospheric pressure. The equipment required consists of a pressure chamber, which may be of rigid or flexible construction, and a means of delivering 100 percent oxygen. Operation is performed to a predetermined schedule by trained personnel who monitor the patient and may adjust the schedule as required. HBOT found early use in the treatment of decompression sickness. But it has also shown great effectiveness in treating conditions such as gas gangrene and carbon monoxide poisoning. More recent research has examined the possibility that it may also have value for other conditions such as cerebral palsy and multiple sclerosis, but no significant evidence has been found.

How Oxygen Concentrators Work

A patient on oxygen therapy receives air with a higher concentration of oxygen than the ambient air. As opposed to a compressed oxygen tank, which delivers some amount of pure oxygen, a concentrator removes other components from the air, achieving the same effect more safely and at a lower cost. It’s a pretty straightforward idea, but how is it accomplished?

How oxygen concentrators work infographic

Glossary

APRAir purifying respirator
Blood gas analyzera machine that measures oxygen, carbon dioxide, and pH levels in a blood sample. These extremely important measurements are required to care for patients in the hospital, especially sicker patients with lung & heart disorders.
Body plethysmographa machine used in lung (pulmonary) function labs to measure lung function in order to diagnose and quantify lung disorders.
Bronchoscopea fiber-optic scope that is inserted into the patient's airways (bronchi) to visualize and obtain samples for diagnosing lung disorders and sometimes used for removing obstructions in the airways. This is one of the more common tools used by specialists in helping diagnose lung diseases.
CABClean Air Box compressed air systems for Grade D air
Cardio respiratory monitora monitor that measures and continuously displays heart rate & rhythm, blood pressure, and respiratory rate. These are important "vital signs" that are monitored in acutely ill patients
EEBAEmergency Escape Breathing Apparatus
Esophagoscopesame as a bronchoscope but is used to assess the esophagus rather than the bronchi.
IDLHImmediately Dangerous to Life and Health
Laryngoscopea device that is used in the procedure of placing an artificial airway (endotracheal tube) into a patient's trachea in order to maintain their airway open. Used for unconscious patients, patients that can no longer breathe on their own, etc.
Nebulizera device that either adds humidity to dry medical gas that a patient is breathing or provides a mist of medication that a patient can breathe in.
Oxygen analyzera device that measures the oxygen levels (concentration) in a breathing system. Delivered oxygen levels need to be increased in order to provide enough oxygen to patients with lung or heart disorders.
Oxygen concentratora machine that takes in atmospheric air (with 21% oxygen) and concentrates the outgoing gas to 100% oxygen. Used to provide patients with supplemental oxygen (higher oxygen levels than room air).
Oxygen monitora machine that provides continuous oxygen monitoring for hospital and home ventilators, and NICU and aesthesia delivery equipment.
PAPRPowered Air Purifying Respirators that use a blower that draws air through cartridges or filters
PDARPressure Demand Airline Respirator
Peak flow metera device that helps patients monitor their asthma easily.
Pulmonary function systema system that tests people's breathing in order to diagnose lung disorders
Pulse oximetera device that measures oxygen saturation and assesses pulse rate
Respiratorsee ventilator
SARSupplied Air Respirator
SCBASelf Contained Breathing Apparatus
Spirometera device that tests lung function; is one component of a complete pulmonary function machine
Suction regulatora device that controls the amount of suction (vacuum) that helps in removing secretions from a patient's airways, lungs, thoracic cavity, stomach, or other body cavities
Ventilatora machine that assists or provides all of the breathing for patients who cannot breathe on their own (also known as a respirator)